Домой Завивка волос История химической завивки

История химической завивки

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Почти все новшества революционеры-изобретатели сперва пробовали на себе. Это же относится и к завивке-перманенту.

История химической завивки начинается в тысяча девятьсот шестом (то есть почти сто десять лет назад!), когда изобретатель Несслер, выбрав для демонстрации собственную жену, «предъявляет миру» первые локоны, которые по сей день принято называть искусственными. Причем завивка-перманент того времени – это истинная парикмахерская экзекуция: горячие коклюшки из латуни, сильнодействующий, закрепляющий химсостав. В череде опытов Несслера встречались и крайне неудачные, когда его супруга практически лишалась волос!

Химическая завивка - Ретро стиль

Тот же Карл Несслер патентует уже в тысяча девятьсот восьмом аппарат для химзавивки. И напоминал он больше какую-то электростанцию: с помощью тока и пара достигалась нужная температура, чтобы химреагент мог «схватиться» на волосах. Завивочный аппарат претерпел пару апгрэйдов: в тысяча девятьсот десятом и двадцать четвертом годах. Причем первая модернизация была выполнена Несслером же. Еще через четыре года завивочный аппарат получает так необходимую ему компактность и запускается в производство на конвейере серийно. И именно благодаря его компактности аппарат для завивки волос становится колоссально популярным.

Химическая завивка - Ретро

В тридцать пятом году появляется такое понятие: «холодная завивка».

Настоящий же бум по поводу химзавивки вспыхивает в мире в военные времена. Всем женщинам хотелось быть тогда кудрявее и привлекательнее. История химической завивки обязана достаточно яркими страницами бурно развивающемуся тогда кино. Дамы все, как одна, мечтали быть такими, как звезды на больших экранах. А таковых с прямыми волосами тогда просто не существовало! В нашей же стране этот вид парикмахерского волшебства начинает твориться в пятидесятые. А еще многим позже появляются первые разновидности перманента: американский (как у голливудских звезд), вертикальный (или мокрый), пузырьковый, «шелковая волна».

Химическая завивка на твердые волосы

Первая химия для перманента имела просто убийственный PH и щелочь-основу.

Вред наносили волосам соответственный. Ведь, что такое химзавивка? Это проникновение химвещества внутрь волоса и изменение структуры его клеток. А такие изменения практически необратимы и очень вредны. Сама же завивка, как и сегодня, держалась тогда около четырех месяцев. Прошло еще чуть времени, и появляются щадящие кислотные составы, которые также «врывались» в волосяную структуру, но уже с наименьшим уроном для нее. Вообще история химической завивки – это борьба за нейтрализацию наносимого ею вреда. И борьба эта велась со все более успешными результатами.

Химическая завивка на тонкие волосы

Настоящее «спасение» волос пришло из Японии!

Завивка по японской методике и с препаратами, разработанными в Японии, — это совершенно нейтральный РН средств. Поэтому сегодня можно практически не бояться, что после химии можно остаться без волос. Методика японцев – это не разрушение волосяных клеток, а их «вытягивание». Здесь и структура остается неизменной, и прически неописуемой получаются красоты. Плюс к этому в японских составах присутствую дополнительные полезные вещества, выполняющие одновременно с завивкой защитно-лечебные функции.

Химическая завивка на густые волосы

Сегодня завивка-перманент не потеряла ни капли своей актуальной популярности.

И в истории будущего химической завивки еще будут написаны новейшие страницы. Появляются новые составы, новые приборы, новые методики. Сейчас вред от химсредств сведен к минимуму, но все же нельзя сказать, что химзавивка полностью безопасная процедура. Ведь природа химии именно в интенсивно-жестком воздействии, которое, кстати, можно нейтрализовать серьезным и регулярным уходом за завитыми волосами. Огромное количество препаратов и составов, приборы с максимально повышенной безопасностью, буквально «соревнующиеся» в безвредности. А, значит, дамы и дальше будут покорять свое окружение обворожительными локонами!

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